Wednesday, February 28, 2007

Hollywood's 'Amazing' Glaze

February 23, 2007;
From The Wall Street Journal

It is rare that a Hollywood film takes up a subject like William Wilberforce (1759-1833), the British parliamentarian who devoted nearly his entire 45-year political career to banning the British slave trade. Alas, a lot of people watching "Amazing Grace," Michael Apted's just-released film, may get the impression -- perhaps deliberately fostered by Mr. Apted -- that Wilberforce was a mostly secular humanitarian whose main passion was not Christian faith but politics and social justice. Along the way, they may also get the impression that the hymn "Amazing Grace" is no more than an uplifting piece of music that sounds especially rousing on the bagpipes.
In fact, William Wilberforce was driven by a version of Christianity that today would be derided as "fundamentalist." One of his sons, sharing his father's outlook, was the Anglican bishop Samuel Wilberforce, who wrote a passionate critique of "The Origin of the Species," arguing that Darwin's then-new theory could not fully account for the emergence of human beings. William Wilberforce himself, as a student at Cambridge University in the 1770s and as a young member of Parliament soon after, had no more than a nominal sense of faith. Then, in 1785, he began reading evangelical treatises and underwent what he called "the Great Change," almost dropping out of politics to study for the ministry until friends persuaded him that he could do more good where he was.
And he did a great deal of good, as Mr. Apted's movie shows. His relentless campaign eventually led Parliament to ban the slave trade, in 1807, and to pass a law shortly after his death in 1833, making the entire institution of slavery illegal. But it is impossible to understand Wilberforce's long antislavery campaign without seeing it as part of a larger Christian impulse. The man who prodded Parliament so famously also wrote theological tracts, sponsored missionary and charitable works, and fought for what he called the "reformation of manners," a campaign against vice. This is the Wilberforce that Mr. Apted has played down.
And little wonder. Even during the 18th century, evangelicals were derided as over-emotional "enthusiasts" by their Enlightenment-influenced contemporaries. By the time of Wilberforce's "great change," liberal 18th-century theologians had sought to make Christianity more "reasonable," de-emphasizing sin, salvation and Christ's divinity in favor of ethics, morality and a rather distant, deistic God. Relatedly, large numbers of ordinary English people, especially among the working classes, had begun drifting away from the tepid Christianity that seemed to prevail. Evangelicalism sought to counter such trends and to reinvigorate Christian belief.
Perhaps the leading evangelical force of the day was the Methodism of John Wesley: It focused on preaching, the close study of the Bible, communal hymn-singing and a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Central to the Methodist project was the notion that good works and charity were essential components of the Christian life. Methodism spawned a vast network of churches and ramified into the evangelical branches of Anglicanism. Nearly all the social-reform movements of the 19th and early 20th centuries -- from temperance and soup kitchens to slum settlement houses and prison reform -- owe something to Methodism and its related evangelical strains. The campaign against slavery was the most momentous of such reforms and, over time, the most successful.
It is thus fitting that John Wesley happened to write his last letter -- sent in February 1791, days before his death -- to William Wilberforce. Wesley urged Wilberforce to devote himself unstintingly to his antislavery campaign, a "glorious enterprise" that opposed "that execrable villainy which is the scandal of religion, of England, and of human nature." Wesley also urged him to "go on, in the name of God and in the power of his might, till even American slavery (the vilest that ever saw the sun) shall vanish away before it."
Wesley had begun preaching against slavery 20 years before and in 1774 published an abolitionist tract, "Thoughts on Slavery." Wilberforce came into contact with the burgeoning antislavery movement in 1787, when he met Thomas Clarkson, an evangelical Anglican who had devoted his life to the abolitionist cause. Two years later, Wilberforce gave his first speech against the slave trade in Parliament.
As for the hymn "Amazing Grace," from which the film takes its name, it is the work of a friend of Wilberforce's named John Newton (played in the movie by Albert Finney). Newton had spent a dissolute youth as a seaman and eventually became a slave-ship captain. In his 20s he underwent a kind of spiritual crisis, reading the Bible and Thomas à Kempis's "Imitation of Christ." A decade later, having heard Wesley preach, he fell in with England's evangelical movement and left sea-faring and slave-trading behind. Years later, under the influence of Wilberforce's admonitions, he joined the antislavery campaign. The famous hymn amounted to an autobiography of his conversion: "Amazing grace . . . that saved a wretch like me." In the most moving moment of the film -- and one of the few that addresses a Christian theme directly -- the aged and now-blind Newton declares to Wilberforce: "I am a great sinner, and Christ is a great savior."
This idea of slaving as sin is key. As sociologist Rodney Stark noted in "For the Glory of God" (2003), the abolition of slavery in the West during the 19th century was a uniquely Christian endeavor. When chattel slavery, long absent from Europe, reappeared in imperial form in the 16th and 17th centuries -- mostly in response to the need for cheap labor in the New World -- the first calls to end the practice came from pious Christians, notably the Quakers. Evangelicals, not least Methodists, quickly joined the cause, and a movement was born.
Thanks to Wilberforce, the movement's most visible champion, Britain ended slavery well before America, but the abolitionist cause in America, too, was driven by Christian churches more than is often acknowledged. Steven Spielberg's 1997 "Amistad," about the fate of blacks on a mutinous slave ship, also obscured the Christian zeal of the abolitionists.
Nowadays it is all too common -- and not only in Hollywood -- to assume that conservative Christian belief and a commitment to social justice are incompatible. Wilberforce's embrace of both suggests that this divide is a creation of our own time and, so to speak, sinfully wrong-headed. Unfortunately director Apted, as he recently told Christianity Today magazine, decided to play down Wilberforce's religious convictions -- that would be too "preachy," he said -- and instead turned his story into a yarn of political triumph. The film's original screenwriter, Colin Welland, who wrote the screenplay for the acclaimed and unabashedly Christian "Chariots of Fire," was replaced.
The movie "Amazing Grace" nods occasionally in the direction of granting a role to faith in social reform, but it would do us all well to supplement our time in the movie theater by doing some reading about the heroic and amazing Christian who was the real William Wilberforce.

Friday, February 16, 2007

Life in GA!

First off, see Mary's post because it's such a sweet spontaneous post about how she feels about her sisters. Brought tears to my eyes, I miss her so badly!!! I'd love to write my thoughts about her soon.
We are settled in, with only 2 boxes left in the garage. The guest rooms aren't in order, because wee went from a 3 BR house to a 4 BR one, so there's no furniture for one room yet. That should be fixed by tomorrow, where we have trip to Atlanta planned to go to
IKEA and then to Fogo de Chao. Yes, Brazilian churrascaria, gaucho style! Our bedroom is finally almost done (painting, installing chair-rail, etc). I've been so blessed to have Jonathan around a ton to conqueur it all together!
Secondly, some of you know we were planning a 3 day weekend trip to Savannah. It's suppose to be a very historic and romantic town, similar to Charleston. We had chosen a luxurious B&B to stay at, although with trying to time it over the next few weekends, my choice of rooms (for our price) wasn't really available (but I could settle). However, last night we decided against it...... Instead....
We're going on a 4 day cruise to the Bahamas!!!! We are psyched!!! I love our life right now, so much of what we get to enjoy is the together-ness and honeymoon-like state! All the adventures we go on are such an opportunity. We have been blessed, I know! Traveling with my best friend is so grand!

Saturday, February 03, 2007

Jonathan's ALMOST HOME!!!!!

As I write this, I am sitting in a Starbucks inside a Kroger in Atlanta.... waiting for Jonathan's flight to come in. I had to drop off Mary at 6:40am, and his plane isn't scheduled to come in until 5pm, but he's trying to fly standby for a 1:00pm flight. I'm killing time at a place nearby the airport. I don't know Atlanta at all and I don't want to get lost, especially in a bad section of town. There is a Borders, Target, and Bed, Bath & Beyond at this location, so I'll probably browse those over the next few hours.

I miss Mary. She was a HUGE blessing! She painted and worked and painted and worked for hours and hours and never was the 1st to stop. Most nights we stayed up until 11ish working, although we made time in the day for trips to Starbucks, the mall, and various other fun spots. Last night (Friday) we stayed up until 2:11am and our alarms went off at 4:00am. Agh! On the 1 hour 20 minute drive to the airport, Mary was doing a good job talking to me so I'd be alert, but she kept saying gibberish because she would get into a twilight-sleep phase! Anyway, when I download pictures I'll post them, but she and I got the kithcen painted a Velvety Merlot and the master bath painted a Morning Breeze. I love them both!!! But I can't tell you how many man-hours went into all that. Mary is also amazing at checking off boxes to ensure to movers bring everything.

This was the worst move I've done. Lots of broken/smashed/damage to our stuff. Nothing irreplacable, but it's odd it would happen this way. Just like the Stang made it fine to San Antonio, but got real damaged coming back to NC. Anyway, bunches of paperwork to file.

So for now, I sign off with a breathlessly expectant Denise who will get to see her husband after 17 days not seeing him at all!!!!!!! I can't wait to run into his arms!!!!